первые три это карден-лоид,переделанные в самоходки,Не немецкие.
Первый не упомню, возможно поляк.
Второй и третий мелкосерийные бельгийцы, а четвертый румын.
An Iraqi Type 69 main battle tank with the turret removed and replaced with a 57MM S-60 AA gun. This particular vehicle is from circa September 2016 in Iraq, and was used by a pro-government PMU unit against light vehicle targets, VBIED's or buildings. Mounting the S-60 to the vehicle gives it much greater mobility, protection and ability to go into rougher terrain, useful for a fire support vehicle. Some soldiers have referred to S-60 autocannons mounted on armoured vehicles as 'T-57's or 'Type 57' meaning that there is most likely more than one vehicle with this configuration.
The famous M18/T-55 hybrid tank used the Federal Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Bosnia War (more info in the description), location unknown, early 1990s
This vehicle started life as a normal JNA T-54/55 Cold War-era tank. In 1991 it was passed, legally or otherwise, by the withdrawing JNA to a local Serb militia in Bosnia. Shortly thereafter, it was “mobility-killed” (most likely either track damage or superficial engine damage) by Bosniak forces and abandoned otherwise intact.
Bosniak troops repaired it and added it to their army. During 1992 a Serb ATGM team scored a devastating hit on the T-54/55’s turret. The tank was abandoned and was taken over again by Serbian forces. Afterwards an inspection revealed that while the ATGM had obliterated the turret, the “lower” part of the tank was relatively undamaged and in fact, even still could be driven.
The lower portion was taken in and cleaned up by Serb mechanics. The turret from a M18 Hellcat was installed via a custom-crafted adapter ring seated inside the original lower turret ring of the Soviet-made tank.
This “half-breed” served in the Army of Republika Srpska for about a year, until it became mired in mud and was abandoned by it’s crew. (This was not uncommon during the 1990s fighting as wreckers were not always readily available to the fighting parties.)
Discovered by Bosniak troops, it was recovered and changed hands yet again, successfully serving in the Bosniak forces for the remainder of the war.
Первое фото - не такой уж и шушпанцер, вполне легитимная конструкция. Вроде как САС такие использовал в Сирии, можно сказать - по старой традиции: